CentOS is an open-source, community-supported, and enterprise-ready distribution of Linux based on the openly accessible sources of the commercial and extremely acclaimed RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux) operating system.
Besides being based on Red Hat, the project is also completely harmonious with the award-winning business Linux distribution.
Key features incorporate active development, open management, easy maintenance, community infrastructure, and open business model.
The distribution is proper for long term usage in production environments, used as a server.
It gives users and package maintainers with a pleasant and natural environment, as well as long-term support of the core and marketing support.
It is given as two installable-only DVDs, as well as minimum and netboot CD ISO images. Supported hardware platforms embrace the standard 64-bit (x86_64) and 32-bit (i386).
The default desktop environment used in CentOS is powered by the GNOME project, giving users with a user-friendly and simple graphical session that satisfies even the most discriminating eye.
Among the incorporated applications and packages, we can simply mention the LibreOffice office suite, GIMP image editor, Mozilla Firefox web browser, K3b CD/DVD burning software, Inkscape vector graphics editor, Vim text editor, and Mozilla Thunderbird email client.
Server-oriented packages incorporate the Apache web server, OpenSSH, MySQL and PostgreSQL database server, and OpenSSL tools for encrypted conversation sessions, Python, Postfix email server, Perl, and PHP programming languages, and Samba network sharing framework.
As expected, the project gives support for many languages and comes with built-in support for well-known file systems, including EXT3 and EXT4.
Overall, CentOS is a solid, reproducible, straightforward to maintain, and supported Linux distribution particularly engineered to be deployed on enterprises’ local servers, as well as behind firewall protections to defend sensitive data.